Yadda sama da mutane bakar fata yan Afrika miliyan biyu suka mutu a yaƙin Duniya na ɗaya (I)

Yadda Sama da Mutane Miliyan Biyu Suka Mutu A Yaƙin Duniya Na ɗaya (I)


An kashe 'yan Afirka miliyan biyu a lokacin da nahiyar ta tsunduma cikin rikicin yakin duniya na daya. Yakin da sakamakonsa ya haifar da sauye-sauye na girgizar kasa a Afirka da ke zama tushen rikice-rikice a kasashe da dama na Afirka. 

Yayin da ake ci gaba da gwabza yaki a Turai, an tilastawa sojojin Afirka su yi yaki a tsakanin 1914 zuwa 1918. Faransa ta dauki ‘yan Afirka da yawa fiye da kowace mulkin mallaka, inda ta tura dakaru 450,000 daga Yammaci da Arewacin Afirka don yakar Jamusawa a fagen daga.

A lokacin yakin, kimanin 'yan Afirka 30,000 ne suka mutu suna fada a bangaren Faransa kadai. A cikin Afirka, an kuma jibge sojojin Afirka a Afirka da kanta. Wani sojan kasa na Senegal ya taimaka wa Faransa karbe kasar Togo da Jamus ta yi wa mulkin mallaka, sannan Birtaniya kuma sun yi yaki tare da sojojin Afirka a kan Jamusawa har zuwa shekara ta 1918. 'Yan Afirka kuma sun kasance 'yan leƙen asiri, 'yan dako da dafa abinci. 

Har ila yau Jamus ta yi amfani da Afirka, wanda ya tilasta wa dubban 'yan Afirka shiga aikin soja a Tanzaniya - tsohuwar Jamus ta Gabashin Afirka.

A lokacin yaƙin rashin aikin yi a cikin filayen, wanda ya haifar da yunwa tattalin arziki a ƙarshe ya ruguje kusan mutane miliyan 1 sun mutu a EA.

Yakin da a karshe ya kara gyara iyakokin Afirka, kashin da Jamus ta yi ya sa kasashen da suka yi wa mulkin mallaka suka rasa rayukansu, inda Jamus ta Gabas ta Afirka da Kamaru da Togo da Jamus ta Kudu maso yammacin Afirka duk suka karbe ragamar mulkin kasar.

A Kamaru, an raba tsohuwar mulkin mallaka tsakanin Birtaniya da Faransa, inda Faransawa ke samun fiye da kashi hudu cikin biyar na ƙasar. Bayan kawo karshen mulkin mallaka a shekarar 1960, an sake hadewar kasar da ta rabu, amma ba a samu zaman lafiya ba. 'Yan tsiraru masu magana da Ingilishi na Kamaru, wadanda suke ganin gwamnatin tsakiya ta yi watsi da su, har yanzu suna fafutukar neman kasarsu a yau.

Irin wannan yanayi har yanzu yana faruwa a kasashe daban-daban na nahiyar. 

Bayan yakin an kafa wani abin tunawa a Reims dangane da jaruman Afirka da suka mutu a yakin WW1.

Amma ainihin abin tunawa ga "Black Army," (waɗanda suka yi yaƙi a WW1) da aka kafa a Reims a cikin 1920s, Nazis sun cire su a lokacin yakin duniya na biyu kuma ba su sake tashi ba.

#BlackHistoryMatters 

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